7 Ways Music Benefits Your Heart, Brain & Health

Who doesn’t love music? Certainly there are some of us, but for the most part music is a big part of our lives. Whether it’s the music that we listen to on the way to work, while we workout, or the music we hear in a symphony or film, it can bring up our moods, tell us a story or even bring us down. Music has touched cultures all over the world since very early times in human history. Have you ever wondered how music might affect our health?

heart brain

“I think music in itself is healing. It’s an explosive expression of humanity. It’s something we are all touched by. No matter what culture we’re from, everyone loves music.” ~ Billy Joel

Personally I like many types of music, but I can’t say that I fall in love with a lot of music. It is usually special bands here and there that make their way through my ears that I tend to love and stick with for a long time. The beautiful thing is, everyone’s taste in music is different so no matter what music you make, you’re likely to find someone who will appreciate it. Of course the music industry favours certain types of music and is designed to not allow indie bands to get very far, but that is a whole other discussion.

Music is capable of a number of health benefits including lowering stress levels, raising states of consciousness, changing moods, accessing different states of mind, developing the brain and is useful in meditation -which has a ton of health benefits.

The fact is, there isn’t a single human culture on earth that has lived without music! For example, native Africans and Americans both used music in the form of chanting for their rituals and healing ceremonies. In Ancient Greece music was used to ease stress, soothe pain and help with sleeping patterns. Many have said music heals the soul, and it appears that they were right!

How Music Benefits Our Health

1) Improves visual & verbal skills

Several studies have shown that music education at an early age stimulates the child’s brain in a number of ways that helps to improve verbal skills, communication skills and visual skills.

A study that looked at 4 to 6 year olds who were subject to one month of musical training that included training in rhythm, pitch, melody, voice and basic musical concepts resulted in enhanced ability to understand words and explain their meaning. [1]

A study using subjects that were 8 to 11 year olds found that those who were involved in extra-curricular music classes were developing higher verbal IQ’s and their visual ability was greater than those who were not receiving the training. [2]

Even children as young as one year old  who participated in interactive music lessons with their parents had a greater ability to communicate, smiled more frequently and were showing greater signs of sophisticated brain responses to music. [3]

2) Keeps an aging brain healthy

Research has shown that having musical training and listening to or playing music in old age can help keep the brain healthy especially as it ages. Since listening to music is like exercising the brain, one can expect the benefits of better memory and mental sharpness as they age. [4]

Even people who have some form of brain damage can regain partial or full access to memories (depending on severity) by listening to music, as listening can help draw on old memories and neurological patterns due to the fact that the rhythm and sounds of music stay within the core of the mind for a long time.

music brain

3) Music Makes You Happier

As mentioned before, music has the power to do so much. It can make you feel happy, sad, excited or even pumped up. Listening to music that hits you in a special way causes your brain to release dopamine which is known as a feel good chemical. It causes us to feel emotions like happiness, excitement, joy, etc. Listening to music provides us with the same burst of happiness that we would get from eating a piece of chocolate, sex or certain drugs.

Another study showed that music with a quick tempo played in a major key made people feel happy, while music with a slow tempo in a minor key more easily led to feelings of sadness.[6]

4) Heartbeat, Pulse Rate & Blood Pressure

‘We listen to music with our muscles.’ Nietzsche

Studies have shown that music strengthens the heart and improves the recovery time of patients who were suffering from heart disease. [7]

Regardless of the genre of music, listening to your favorite music releases endorphins in the brain that help to improve vascular health. It has been seen that both men and women who listened to music soon after cardiac surgery were much less anxious and even reported having less pain as opposed to those who rested quietly.

An observation made at Massachusetts General Hospital, found that heart patients confined to a bed that listened to music for 30 minutes had lower blood pressure, slower heart rates, and less distress than those who didn’t listen to music.

5) Improves Sleep Quality

Some of the most common things to interfere with sleep are stress and anxiety (heart rates.) Since music has the ability to affect both in a positive way, research has found that listening to music at various times promotes better sleep patterns for people and even created more restful sleeps. In some cases music might even be able to be used to effectively treat insomnia. [8]

6) Boosts Your Immune System & Reduces Pain

Research has shown that music is capable of reducing levels of the stress hormone cortisol, which is responsible for weakening the immune system, increasing risk of heart disease, interfering with learning and memory, lowering bone density, blood pressure, etc. [9] Research found that by listening to just 50 minutes of uplifting music the levels of antibodies in the human body increases. While different types of music were not studied, it is important one listens to music they enjoy as personal preference of music does have an effect on overall physical effects. [10]

7) Reduces Depression & Anxiety

Researchers from Drexel University found that cancer patients who either listened to music or worked with a music therapist experienced a reduction in anxiety, had better blood pressure levels and improved moods. Music can have positive effects on the psyche, mood, pain and quality of life as well.

“The evidence suggests that music interventions may be useful as a complementary treatment to people with cancer,” Joke Bradt

How Headphones Changed the World

A short philosophical history of personal music by ERIC THOMPSON


If you are reading this on a computer, there is an excellent chance that you are wearing, or within arm’s reach of, a pair of headphones or earbuds.

To visit a modern office place is to walk into a room with a dozen songs playing simultaneously but to hear none of them. Up to half of younger workers listen to music on their headphones, and the vast majority thinks it makes us better at our jobs. In survey after survey, we report with confidence that music makes us happier, better at concentrating, and more productive.

“The triumph of headphones is that they create,

in a public space, an oasis of privacy”

Science says we’re full of it. Listening to music hurts our ability to recall other stimuli, and any pop song — loud or soft — reduces overall performance for both extraverts and introverts. A Taiwanese study linked music with lyrics to lower scores on concentration tests for college students, and other research have shown music with words scrambles our brains’ verbal-processing skills. “As silence had the best overall performance it would still be advisable that people work in silence,” one report dryly concluded.

If headphones are so bad for productivity, why do so many people at work have headphones?

There is an economic answer: The United States has moved from a farming/manufacturing economy to a service economy, and more jobs “demand higher levels of concentration, reflection and creativity.” This leads to a logistical answer: With 70 percent of office workers in cubicles or open work spaces, it’s more important to create one’s own cocoon of sound. That brings us to a psychological answer: There is evidence that music relaxes our muscles, improves our mood, and can even moderately reduce blood pressure, heart rate, and anxiety. What music steals in acute concentration, it returns to us in the form of good vibes.

That brings us finally to our final cultural answer: Headphones give us absolute control over our audio-environment, allowing us to privatize our public spaces. This is an important development for dense office environments in a service economy. But it also represents nothing less than a fundamental shift in humans’ basic relationship to music.


In 1910, the Radio Division of the U.S. Navy received a freak letter from Salt Lake City written in purple ink on blue-and-pink paper. Whoever opened the envelope probably wasn’t expecting to read the next Thomas Edison. But the invention contained within represented the apotheosis of one of Edison’s more famous, and incomplete, discoveries: the creation of sound from electrical signals.

Screen Shot 2012-05-30 at 8.31.54 AM.pngThe author of the violet-ink note, an eccentric Utah tinkerer named Nathaniel Baldwin, made an astonishing claim that he had built in his kitchen a new kind of headset that could amplify sound. The military asked for a sound test. They were blown away. Naval radio officers clamored for the “comfortable, efficient headset” on the brink of World War I. And so, the modern headphone was born.

The purpose of the headphone is to concentrate a quiet and private sound in the ear of the listener. This is a radical departure from music’s social purpose in history. “Music together with dance co-evolved biologically and culturally to serve as a technology of social bonding,” Nils L. Wallin and Björn Merker wrote in The Origins of Music. Songs don’t leave behind fossils, but evidence of musical notation dates back to at least Sumeria. In 1995, archaeologists discovered a bone flute in southern Europe estimated to be 44,000 years old.

The 20th century did a number on music technology. Radio made music transmittable. Cars made music mobile. Speakers made music big, and silicon chips made music small. But headphones might represent the most important inflection point in music history.

If music evolved as a social glue for the species — as a way to make groups and keep them together — headphones allow music to be enjoyed friendlessly — as a way to savor our privacy, in heightened solitude. In the 1950s, John C. Koss invented a set of stereo headphones “designed explicitly for personal music consumption,” Virginia Heffernan reported for the New York Times. “In that decade, according to Keir Keightley, a professor of media studies at the University of Western Ontario, middle-class men began shutting out their families with giant headphones and hi-fi equipment.” Headphones did for music what writing and literacy did for language. They made it private.


Library of Congress


Loneliness is one of the first things ordinary Americans spend their money achieving.

So wrote Stephen Marche in last month’s cover story for The Atlantic. “Loneliness is at the American core, a by-product of a long-standing national appetite for independence,” he said. “The price of self-determination and self-reliance has often been loneliness. Americans have always been willing to pay that price.”

It is easy, and therefore popular, to say that headphones make us anti-social. But Marche is right. Wealth can buy — and modern technology can deliver — the independence that people have always sought. People have always had private thoughts. Headphones have the capacity to make our music like our thoughts. Something that nobody else can hear. Something we can choose to share.

Dr. Michael Bull, an expert on personal music devices from the University of Sussex, has repeatedly made the larger point that personal music devices change our relationship to public spaces. “People like to control their environment,” he told Wired magazine, and “music is the most powerful medium for thought, mood and movement control.”

Controlling our public environment is more important now that Americans have stopped moving away from density. Sunbelt suburbs today are languishing. Urban centers are thriving. “Today, the most valuable real estate lies in walkable urban locations,” Christopher B. Leinberger reported in a new Brookings study last week. In a re-urbanized United States, the earbud is the new car stereo. “With the urban space, the more it’s inhabited, the safer you feel,” Bull says. “You feel safe if you can feel people there, but you don’t want to interact with them.”

Personal music creates a shield both for listeners and for those walking around us. Headphones make their own rules of etiquette. We assume that people wearing them are busy or oblivious, so now people wear them to appear busy or oblivious — even without music. Wearing soundless headphones is now a common solution to productivity blocks. Baldwin’s invention for the Navy has become a social accessory with a explicit message: I am here, but I am separate. In a wreck of people and activity, two plastic pieces connected by a wire create an aura of privacy.


We still haven’t answered the first question I posed: If headphones are so bad for productivity, why do so many people work with headphones?

It’s not just that headphones carve privacy out of public spaces. It is also that music causes us to relax and reflect and pause. The outcome of relaxation, reflection, and pausing won’t be captured in minute-to-minute productivity metrics. In moments of extreme focus, our attention beams outward, toward the problem, rather than inward, toward the insights.”When our minds are at ease — when those alpha waves are rippling through the brain — we’re more likely to direct the spotlight of attention inward,” Jonah Lehrer wrote in Imagine.  “The answers have been there all along. We just weren’t listening.”

In a crowded world, real estate is the ultimate scarce resource, and a headphone is a small invisible fence around our minds — making space, creating separation, helping us listen to ourselves.

Bundle Up: Reasons to Protect Your Phone

By: Whitson Gordon

You might think that cases are only for the anal retentive that care about keeping their phone pristine, but there’s more to it than that. Things you want to think about include:

Drop Protection: Look, no matter how careful you are, gravity is just stronger than you. You’ll probably drop your phone at least once or twice in the years that you own it. How much protection you need, though, depends on your phone: lots of Android phones are built a bit tougher, and are more likely to survive the occasional drop (I’m speaking from lots of experience here). The iPhone 4 or 4S, on the other hand, while blessed with gorgeous looks, are a lot more likely to break when you drop them, so the argument for using a case becomes much stronger.pic 11

It’s also worth mentioning that even cheap cases can give you drop protection by preventing you from dropping the phone in the first place. A lot of phones have particularly slippery backs, and a good case can add a bit of grip to keep it from sliding out of your hand and onto the concrete. It still isn’t as good as getting a quality case, but it’s better than going naked.

Protection for More Than Just Cosmetics: Even if you don’t care about the occasional scratch or even shattered back, there’s more to your phone than that. Some phones (like the iPhone) have a camera lens flush with the back, meaning its much more prone to scratches and other damage—which can make your photos look pretty awful. You could also damage one of the buttons on your phone, which would make it much more of a hassle to use than just a few scratches.

Resale Value: That said, even if you aren’t obsessive about the little scratches on your phone, many people are—and while dropping your phone without a case may not break it, it will create little nicks and scratches on your phone that will lower the resale value. Putting a case on your phone is one of the best ways to upgrade to your next phone for free—so if you sell your phones instead of keeping them around, a case can be a great idea.

How to Maximize the Lifespan of Your Earbuds!

Earbuds are small speakers designed to be placed directly inside of the ear. Earbuds are growing in popularity in part because of their portability, but they actually have several other advantages over traditional headphones. First, they are smaller and more discreet than traditional headphones, allowing their use to go undetected in more formal settings. Second, they deliver sound directly to the ear so the volume can be lower which may decrease hearing loss caused by exposure to high volume. Finally, they have noise reduction features that make them better at blocking out outside sounds that could detract from the listening experience. Unfortunately, because of their compact size, they are made of more delicate materials than larger headphones and are more prone to damage and deterioration. The best way to maximize the lifespan of your earbuds is to perform regular maintenance and provide proper care for the devices starting the day you purchase them.

History of Headphones

Headphones were first developed in 1910 by Nathaniel Baldwin, a student at Stanford. He designed and patented a variety of communication devices and electronic gadgets, including the headset. The invention was largely ignored until World War I, when pilots began using the devices to hear important transmissions from military commanders. After the war, commercial pilots began looking for ways to make the devices smaller and more comfortable. That trend has continued, spawning the creation of smaller and smaller listening devices over the course of the following decades. This led to the creation of earbuds in the latter half of the 20th century. Earbuds are the smallest, lightest, and most discreet wired audio transmission device available.

Care and Maintenance of Earbuds

If earbuds are handled roughly or if they are not maintained properly, the sound quality emitted from them will deteriorate over time, or they will break down completely. There are several dos and don’ts to follow when trying to preserve a set of earbuds for the long term. Putting these basic tips into action can significantly improve the life of every pair of earbuds you own.

earbuds broken!!

Earbuds Dos

These are things that should be done with regularity. Failure to do any one of these things will shorten the usability lifespan on your earbuds significantly.

Do Clean Your Earbuds

More expensive sets of earbuds come with cleaning equipment, but that does not mean that inexpensive sets will not benefit from regular cleaning. To clean your earbuds, begin by moving any rubber or foam comfort pieces, and soaking them in alcohol. Wipe the surface beneath them with a lint-free rag, and then swab with a cloth or cotton swab soaked in hydrogen peroxide. Finally, use a cotton swap or a toothpick dipped in hydrogen peroxide to remove all the wax, dead skin cells, and other dust from the inner areas of the earbuds.

Do Keep Your Earbuds in a Case

Buy a case designed for keeping your earbuds in. It should have a place to secure each earpiece, and an area for the cord. This will prevent your cord from tangling, which can damage the delicate metal cord inside, and it will also protect the speakers from damage that can be caused by impact, like being dropped or smashed. When the metal mesh over the speaker is bent, it not only risks damaging the speaker elements it covers, but distorts the sound produced. Make a habit of putting the earbuds back in their case after every use.

Do Roll the Cord

Keep the cord rolled up when not in use. Use a bread tie to tie the loops together. This will keep the cord from being bent at an angle that could cause damage, and also prevents tangling. Some cases have a coiler that does this for you. If yours does not, take the time to coil the cords by hand.

Do Clean Your Ears

Earwax that builds up inside your ear can not only get packed into the speaker opening on your earbuds and diminish the sound quality, but can also become impacted in your ear and increase your risk of ear infection. Clean your ears regularly to prevent damage to either your ear or your earbuds.

Do Unplug the Speakers from Your MP3 Player or other Audio Devices

Earphones that remain attached to the MP3 player when it is stuck in your bag or your pocket are significantly more likely to get damaged. The cord can be pulled suddenly from the jack, and the connector damaged, or the cord can get tangled up and the copper cord inside broken. Simply unplugging the earphones from the device will protect the audio connector, and the delicate area where the cord connects to the jack.

Do Replace the Foam Tips Often

As the foam or rubber end on the earbud wears down it will lose its noise resistance and will store a buildup of dead skin cells that muffle sound. While this will not actually prevent the earbuds from working, it will degrade the sound quality they are able to transmit. Replace these pieces when they become noticeably worn, or when you find that you cannot easily clean them with a damp cloth.

earbudsss happyEarbuds Don’ts

These are things that pose a significant risk to your earbuds. Simply avoiding these behaviors can greatly extended their life.

Don’t Carry Them in Your Pocket

Don’t carry the earbuds in your pocket, unless they are in a hard case. In addition to the risk of tangling, they can be seriously damaged by the dust, lint, and other debris in your pocket. If you do carry them in your pocket, clean them regularly with a dry toothbrush to brush away the dust and lint, but be aware that once the dust enters the interior of the speaker there is no effective way to get it out. This buildup will diminish sound production and quality over time, and may eventually put enough strain on the speakers that the earbuds quit working entirely.

Don’t Wrap the Cord Around Your Audio Device

The copper wire inside the earbuds’ cord is very delicate and light. Wrapping it around your device will often cause little fractures in the copper wire. The first symptom of copper damage in your earbuds is a popping sound. Eventually this damage will cause one or both earbuds to stop transmitting sound entirely.

Don’t Share Your Earbuds with Others

Don’t share your earbuds with others. First, you cannot guarantee that your friends will take care of them, and the wear and tear they put on them can be detrimental. Second, earbuds are designed to be used internally, and the risk for sharing disease-causing germs is very high.

Don’t Turn the Volume up High

Keep the volume down, especially when listening to music with a heavy bass line. Turning the music up too loud will eventually cause the speakers to blow, which will not only ruin your earbuds, but could cause permanent hearing loss.

Don’t Let Them Get Wet

Alcohol, water, and all things liquid will damage the electronic components of your earbuds. If you accidentally get your earbuds wet, put them in a container of rice and allow them to dry out for several days before trying to use them again. The rice will absorb the moisture from the earbuds, and may prevent more serious damage.

Don’t Leave Them Places Where the Magnets Can Get Damaged

Never leave your earbuds in direct sunlight or any environment where they might experience extreme heat. Over time this will damage the magnet and destroy the speakers internally. Similarly, exposure to large magnets, larger speakers, or electronic equipment can also cause serious damage to the magnets.

How to Prevent Ear Damage

With so many portable audio devices available these days, an increasing number of us have begun using earphones on a daily basis. Earphones, or earbuds, offer many desirable benefits ranging from convenient portability, to greater external noise isolation. Everywhere, people can be seen walking around with those tell-tale cords dangling from their ears; this is a true testament to our love of music and audio.However, an indirect effect of this habit is the possibility of damaging your ears, lessening your ability to hear. Damaging your hearing in this way is referred to as Noise-Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL). Since we need our ears to continue enjoying audio, it is crucial to follow safety precautions when using earphones.

Two of the main factors which contribute to hearing damage/loss are sound levels and duration ;Loud sounds can damage your ears! he amount of time spent listening with earbuds or earphones also increases the risk of hearing damage and/or loss.

How to Prevent Damage to your Ears

The best way to avoid Noise-Induced Hearing Loss is to keep your audio below 85dB and avoid prolonged use. is good to arrange safe habits around your listening schedule. For example, if you listen to audio while running for hours, keep your volume down around 30%. If you want to rock out to that really heavy song, feel free to turn it up to 50% volume, just make sure you’re not listening to the super-long, extended version!

A good set of high quality, well designed earbuds can have a great impact on minimizing the risk of NIHL. Better quality drivers offering high-fidelity sound provide better audio, which requires less volume to get an improved listening experience Some really nice earbuds are designed to fit into your ear instead of simply hanging on the outer ear. This puts the audio closer to your eardrum, decreasing the amount of necessary volume. Sound-isolation features are another component to look for in a good set of earphones. Poor quality earbuds often offer little or no sound isolation. This allows more external noise to interfere with the audio you’re trying to listen to, which causes many people to increase the volume beyond safe levels.

Earbuds are great options for portable audio enjoyment. By following a few precautionary guidelines, and using a high quality set of earbuds, you’ll be able to enjoy your favorite audio for years to come.


Earbuds that Help You Get a Good Rest?

Sleeping with headphones is not the most comfortable thing to do, but of those tiny earbuds that fit inside the ear. I’ve sometimes done it, and not for the pleasure of listening tranquil music, but to cover the noise so I could get some sleep near a busy boulevard.

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Of course, reasons why should someone use earbud while sleeping, vary. It can be anything from choosing to block random noise or even calming yourself with a slow tune.which can be used safely and comfortably, best sounding earbuds.

Learning with Audiobooks

I use Audiobooks, recorded lectures and podcasts to learn to a massive extent and I find them extremely useful. I haven’t heard them discussed on here much, so I thought I would broach the subject. Here on lesswrong in terms on scholarship textbooks are widely favored and textbooks on math are especially encouraged. I’ve listened to some textbooks that worked well in audio and even if you can’t learn math very well with them, there are plenty of other useful things to learn as well.
 One barrier to using audiobooks that a lot of people have described to me is that they can read much faster than they can get through audiobooks. It’s pretty easy to find applications that speed up audio, though, so this doesn’t seem like a great reason. Another barrier is that it is harder to find audio sources of things, again, clever use of the internet can still find you most things.
 The two main benefits that I would expect most people to receiving when listening to audio rather than reading are:
  (1) That you can accomplish some other manual task while listening to an audiobook.
   I work at a manual job so I have more time available to listen than the average person, but I think that most people underestimate the amount of time that they could spend at activities that you can listen to audiobooks while doing. Some examples are commuting, cleaning, making things, sports, shopping, shaving and falling asleep. Doubling you productivity is just not something that can be overlooked.
(2) That listening to audiobooks is less effortful than reading.
  This has definitely been my experience and I would be interested in hearing what other people’s experiences are to see if I really am typical in this respect. I love reading, but it’s the sort of activity that I have to take breaks from and whereas with audiobooks I can actually just happily listen to them with all of my waking hours. I remember being read to as a kid and it’s just like that.

Get the best tool to enjoy an audiobook: The best quality earbuds and comfortable


The ‘fifty shades of grey’ soundtrack tracklist is here . . .

1. “I Put A Spell On You (Fifty Shades Of Grey)” – Annie Lennox
2. “Undiscovered” – Laura Welsh
3. “Earned It (Fifty Shades Of Grey)” – The Weeknd
4. “Meet Me In The Middle” – Jessie Ware
5. “Love Me Like You Do” – Ellie Goulding
6. “Haunted (Michael Diamond Remix)” – Beyoncé
7. “Salted Wound” – Sia
8. “Beast Of Burden” – The Rolling Stones

9. “I’m On Fire” – AWOLNATION
10. “Crazy In Love (2014 Remix) – Beyoncé
11. “Witchcraft” – Frank Sinatra
12. “One Last Night” – Vaults
13. “Where You Belong” – The Weeknd
14. “I Know You” – Skylar Grey
15. “Anna and Christian” – Danny Elfman
16. “Did That Hurt?” – Danny Elfman

Why You Must Clean Your Earbuds — and How . . .

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This simple guide will help you defunk your earbuds to keep your eyes happy and the tunes clear.Obviously you can’t just toss your earbuds in the dishwasher to clean them.

While doing some research, I came across a few suggestions of how to properly clean earbuds. Here’s how:

  • Use a gentle cleaner, like soap and warm water. No need to go too heavy-duty here; try a mix of dishwashing detergent and water.
  • Use a gentle cloth with just a small amount of the soap mixture. Too much soap could leave a residue on your earbuds, and too much water, well that goes without saying.
  • If there’s a lot of dirt or dust in the metal part of your earbuds, try brushing them with a dry toothbrush to dislodge the dust.
  • Some earbuds, like Shaka Tech In-Ear Headphones Samsung Compatible, come with removable silicone covers, so try removing them and cleaning those separately.
  • Never submerge them in water. You’ll damage the wiring.
  • Remember to only clean your earbuds when they’re detached from your device!

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Is It Legal to Wear earbuds While Driving?

It’s a common sight on the road: the focused driver with white ear buds and trailing wires. But common or not, it may not be strictly, well, street legal

You know you’re supposed to go hands-free with your phone in the car, but did you know in some states it’s illegal to wear headphones when you’re driving? Is your state one of those? We teamed up with the American Automobile Association (AAA) to get to the bottom of the issue. Find out where you can rock out while you drive and where you should make sure your earbuds are out before you head down the highway.


It’s not exclusively a hands-free phone issue, of course. You may also have wondered if you can wear headphones and listen to music while driving—maybe because your radio was broken, or you wanted to listen to something on your phone but had no way to hook it up to your speakers, or maybe because you saw someone else driving with earbuds in and wondered “Hey, is that legal?!”

In some states, wearing earbuds is perfectly legal; in others, it’s 100% illegal; and in many states, the law is a little less clear cut—for example, in some states it’s only legal to wear earbuds in one ear, but not two. Be safe The ShakaTech Earbuds is the answer to your problems, Fits iPhone 4, 5, 5s, iPhone 6, 6 plus, Samsung Galaxy, Verizon.


Whatever you choose to do, make sure you take the law, your safety, and the safety of others on the road into account first.